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Generalized quasi-random lattice model for electrolyte solutions: Mean activity and osmotic coefficients, apparent and partial molal volumes and enthalpies

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TitleGeneralized quasi-random lattice model for electrolyte solutions: Mean activity and osmotic coefficients, apparent and partial molal volumes and enthalpies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsMoggia, E
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Volume479
Pagination69–84
ISSN0378-3812
KeywordsMean activity coefficient model, Pseudolattice Theory, Thermodynamic data prediction
Abstract

Electrolytes are the subject of a vast number of theoretical and experimental investigations concerned with a variety of modern applications. The modeling of thermodynamic properties of ionic solutions is thus a fundamental research topic that has been supported in many ways for many decades. There is however still a lack of models that are truly predictive over wide ranges of concentration, temperature and pressure conditions. In this article, the Quasi-Random Lattice (QRL) model is presented in a generalized form that allows for evaluating relevant thermodynamic properties of binary electrolyte solutions. The semi-predictive character of the model yields a powerful and competitive representation of electrolyte data over well defined concentration ranges. The additional experimental information to support the generalized version of QRL is very modest compared to the number of data points typically used in regression techniques for best-fit purposes. The thermodynamic consistency of the improved QRL model is demonstrated by the level of agreement with experimental data concerning mean activity and osmotic coefficients, apparent and partial molal volumes and enthalpies, for a variety of aqueous 1:1, 2:1, and 3:1 electrolytes.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378381218303881
DOI10.1016/j.fluid.2018.09.008